Micro-11 is the new experiment planned by NASA. The primary objective of the analysis is to find out whether humans are at all capable of breeding in space. This information is essential for the future as there are always the chances of humans getting settled in outer space. A total of 5800 cargo of equipment was sent to space by NASA, and all of it consisted of sperm frozen in a container from 12 anonymous donors. This was obtained from the sperm bank of California. Other repositories of sperm were from breeding bulls. The chemicals will be added to the sperms by astronauts, which in turn will lead to the preparation for the process of fusing with an egg. This video of the swimming sperm will be shot by placing them under a microscope. Chemical tests will also be performed.
Researchers will be observing the condition of the sperms that is their ability to swim and move in the microgravity of the space. This study is known to be the study of sperm motility to detect whether those sperms can be able to penetrate and then fertilize eggs. There is always the risk of multi-generational survival in the outer space due to the lack of healthy working sperms. A particular type of research on reproductive space biology has been conducted by NASA since the 1990s.
In the previous times, various other aerospace industries tried to observe the capacitation of sperm in space by sending sperms of animals. In the 1980s, the German Researchers were able to launch the semen from bulls, and in the year 1997, sperms from sea urchins were also sent to space. It was found that both the types of sperm swam a lot faster in the microgravity. The micro-11 experiment will be conducted in separate trials to get a better understanding of the concept.
Ulrike Luderer who is a professor at the University of California has stated that ovarian follicle reserve gets destroyed in the presence of any charge aortic key like charged oxygen, iron particles and various other components of the cosmic rays. She also stated that this will, in turn, leads to premature menopause that is the ovarian failure. Hence, there are many obstacles to reproducing in space. Other than micron gravity, the exposure to radiation is a severe obstacle which influences reproduction in outer space. Childbirth and pregnancy have high chances of being a problem in such an environment of the space.